EURUSD

EURUSD
Trade the most popular currency pair in the world, the EURUSD, on FP Market’s award-winning online trading platform.
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The EURUSD pair comprises the Euro and the US Dollar. The pair belongs to two large economies, the Eurozone and the United States, and occupies more than half of the total global trading volume. The highest liquidity can be found at the intersection of the European and New York sessions. Liquidity diminishes at 5:00 pm GMT, when the European session closes.

Understanding the Quote

In the EUR USD pair, the Euro (EUR) serves as the base currency, while the US Dollar (USD) is the quote currency. The rate tells us the amount of US Dollars required to buy 1 Euro. So, if the EUR/USD pair is trading at 1.0973, it means that it will take $1.0973 to buy €1.

Important Influences on the EUR USD

The Eurozone is made up of 18 countries that have adopted the EUR as the single common currency. All these countries are not large enough to generate economic data on their own which could affect the currency’s value. The major countries in this zone are Germany, France, Spain and Italy, which are keenly watched by FX traders.

The monetary policy of the European Central Bank (ECB) influences the value of the Euro. The ECB’s main aim is price stability, which is defined by the value of the Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) and tends to stay below 2%. The second aim is monetary growth, which is measured by M3, the reference value for which is 4.5% annual growth.

The ECB’s refinancing rate is the key short-term interest rate, passed by the bank to control inflation and money supply. The difference between this rate and the US Fed Funds Rate is considered a good indicator of the direction of the EURUSD.

Apart from this, the EURUSD is sometimes strongly impacted by the direction of cross currency rates, the non-dollar currency rates, such as EURJPY. The pair is also susceptible to political instability, such as a debt crisis in Italy and threat to coalition governments in France and Spain.

Economic Releases That Impact the EUR/USD Pair

 

For Eurozone:

  • Eurozone core CPI, German CPI, France CPI
  • ECB’s interest rate decision
  • German Current Account Balance
  • Eurozone GDP by Eurostat
  • Interest rate on 3-month Euribor deposits
  • HICP

 

Check out the Wirtschaftskalender to stay abreast of news and events.

 

For the US:

  • The Federal Reserve’s interest rate decision
  • Employment data
  • Non-Farm Payroll (NFP) data
  • CPI (inflation)
  • Producer Price Index (PPI)
  • Institute for Supply Management (ISM) data
  • GDP growth rate
  • Retail sales
  • Durable goods orders

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